To ensure environmental integrity and that the emission reductions are real, the BioCarbon Fund will build on its wealth of experience to date as a new methodological approach is needed. In the past, land-use projects relied on an individual project baseline and methodology that lead to accounting silos for agriculture, forestry, and energy activities; the mitigation regulations and methodologies further ensured projects remained at a relatively small scale. In order to achieve scale and integration of accounting across different sectoral activities within the same landscape going forward, critical new elements will be considered from a methodological perspective: a jurisdictional reference level will be put in place; this means that actions within that jurisdiction cannot be attributed fully; which in turn will mean an alternative assessment will be needed to see how emission reductions or increased sequestration can be incentivized.
It is expected that a jurisdictional program will be additional. The incentive BioCF provides will change business as usual practices. Additionality could, for example, be addressed through being conservative in calculations of reference levels, emission reductions achieved, etc., applying discounts for uncertainties and thereby giving incentives to increase monitoring efforts, as seen in some other REDD+ partnerships.
The aim of the BioCF ISFL is to use principles of rigor, but accepting in some cases that the existing rules will need to be modified for large-scale landscape approaches because there are no rules for landscapes at present. However, any modification that needs to be made will not compromise environmental integrity.
ISFL Methodological Approach Workshop, December 2016
(ii) Process to-date
(iii) Consultants’ report
Landscape Level Accounting Methodology Workshop, January 2016
Annex 1 Concepts and Scope
Annex 3 Carbon Accounting Models (RELs)
Annex 4 Economic Spatial Analysis (RELs)
World Resources Institute Global Forest Watch