Mexico Strengthening Entrepreneurship in Productive Forest Landscapes Project

Program Overview

The Mexico Strengthening Entrepreneurship in Productive Forest Landscapes Project seeks to strengthen sustainable forest management while also increasing economic opportunities for forest-dependent people and enterprises.

Program name

Mexico Strengthening Entrepreneurship in Productive Forest Landscapes Project


Nuevo León, Coahuila, Chihuahua, Durango

Size of jurisdiction

58 million hectares

Population in jurisdiction

14 million people

Drivers of land use change

Agricultural expansion and livestock production (cattle farming)

Accounting area


Implementing agency

National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR)

ISFL Funding

- $10 million in grant financing available

- $4 million in funding for private sector engagement available

- Potential payments of up to 10 million tons of emission reductions


- $119 million in government financing (CONAFOR)

- $56 million from a World Bank loan for the Mexico Strengthening Entrepreneurship in Productive Forest Landscapes Project (across 19 states) 

- $119 million in government financing (CONAFOR) 

Private sector engagement is central to Mexico’s ISFL program, which seeks to promote collaboration between public and private actors in rural areas. The program also recognizes the role of landscapes in biodiversity conservation and forest production, and will seek to strengthen the role of women in forest governance and production.

Mexico’s ISFL program has two components:

  • Strengthening forest management, conservation, and business development through the financing of forest sector demand-driven incentive programs that aim to support local communities, other landholders, and forest-dependent people in sustainably managing forests while increasing economic opportunities for forest resources; and

  • Providing institutional development and facilitation support to help in preparation for a BioCarbon Fund Emission Reduction program.

IBRD loan proceeds will finance Component 1, and ISFL grant proceeds will finance Component 2.

Country Context

Drivers of deforestation Drivers of deforestation

Land-use change in Mexico is a response to regional, national, and international market pressures for the extraction of timber products, mining, agriculture, tourism, urban and industrial development, and infrastructure projects (such as dams, roads, and highways). In the ISFL program area, key drivers of deforestation are agricultural expansion and livestock production, specifically cattle farming. 

Key commodities and sectors Key commodities and sectors

Agriculture and livestock production (cattle)

Policy interactions and green growth strategies Policy interactions and green growth strategies
  • The General Law on Sustainable Forestry Development (LGDFS), through article 138 Bis, empowers the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) to enter into international agreements on cooperative mechanisms to reduce emissions in the forestry sector. It also states that the results-based payments resources will be distributed according to a BSP prepared in a participatory manner within the framework of the respective project. 
  • The General Law on Climate Change (LGCC) sets out a framework for the development of Mexico’s forest registry. 
  • Mexico has instituted a series of incentive programs, including the Payment for Environmental Services Program supported by the World Bank. Since 2003, it has spearheaded the application of economic instruments for forest conservation and the promotion of sustainable forest management practices.
  • The National Forestry Program (PRONAFOR) supports activities in the forestry sector to promote the sustainable use and conservation of forests. PRONAFOR’s strategies include promoting integrated landscape management, harmonizing and coordinating land policies and programs, and reducing GHG emissions caused by deforestation and forest degradation. 
NDC commitments NDC commitments
  • Forests play a crucial role in achieving Mexico’s NDC target. Mexico’s updated NDC includes a target for zero deforestation by 2030. 
  • Removals from the forestry sector represent around 26 percent of Mexico’s total emissions. According to Mexico’s third Biennial Update Report, the total emissions of the country in 2019 amounted to 736.62MtCO2e, while forests removals were 192.75.35 MtCO2e. Removals from the forest sector come from two main sources: forested land remaining as forested land and land converted to forest through afforestation and reforestation. 

Program Results

Area of forest landscape managed according to defined criteria

378,369 hectares

Number of beneficiaries implementing sustainable forest management schemes


Workshops held to prepare the program


Knowledge products prepared on entrepreneurship and forest management


Core Program Documents

National SESA
Project Appraisal Document
Environmental Assessment (November 2017)

Program Contact Information

To request further information about this program, please email us.